The incident happened in the Midwood section of Brooklyn on East 17th Street, near Avenue K, just before 1:45 a.m. Tuesday.
He was shot in the left shoulder, and the bullet traveled into his midsection.
He was rushed by the Hatzolah volunteer emergency medical service to Kings County Hospital. He was listed in critical condition, but was expected to survive.
Police were looking for a green or gray Mazda CX9 that fled the scene.
No arrests were immediately made and police did not have a motive, other than the shooting appeared to be a dispute on the street.
Local residents who gathered following the shooting identified the man as a black Orthodox Jew who is well-known in the area.