State Supreme Justice Emily J. Goodman's decision means reports will be made public on more than 800 incidents since 1997 where officers fired at civilians.
They will include details on more famous cases like the 1999 shooting of Amadou Diallo, and lesser-known incidents where no one was hit.
The release follows a lawsuit by the New York Civil Liberties Union. The names of officers will be made public, but other details like addresses will be left off. Identifying information on witnesses will vary.
The judge threw out the NYPD's argument that the reports would give up confidential investigative techniques and create a chilling effect on witnesses.