The patient, 49-year-old Esmin Green, languished for nearly 24 hours before collapsing from a blood clot in June 2008. She had been diagnosed with schizophrenia.
Details of the Jamaican immigrant's death went largely unnoticed until security camera footage became public.
Attorney Sanford Rubenstein tells The New York Times the family welcomed the criminal charges.
The family settled with the city for $2 million in 2009.