Report: Israeli flight attendant, boy in comas with measles

Woman may have contracted virus in New York, Israel, or from passenger on flight in between
TEL AVIV, Israel -- Israeli media say a 43-year-old flight attendant for Israel's El Al airline and a 10-year-old boy are in comas after contracting measles.

The woman has encephalitis, or swelling of the brain, due to the measles infection.

Israel's health minister says the woman has been comatose for about 10 days.

She is on a respirator, unable to breathe on her own, in the intensive care unit at Meir Medical Center in Kfar Saba, near Tel Aviv.

Israeli reports say both she and the boy have suffered irreversible brain damage.

The flight attendant developed a fever on March 31 and entered the hospital that same day.

Health officials say she may have been exposed to measles in New York or Israel, where there are active outbreaks, or from a passenger on a flight between the two.
Authorities say that like many others in her generation, she received only one dose of measles vaccine as a child.

In the 1980s, doctors realized that one dose is only about 93% effective, and in 1989, U.S. doctors started giving children two doses, which, according to the CDC, is 97% effective.

Ongoing measles outbreaks in the United States and Israel started with parents who've chosen not to vaccinate their children, according to health authorities.

According to the CDC, about 1 out of every 1,000 children who gets measles will develop encephalitis. This can lead to convulsions and leave a child deaf or with an intellectual disability.
Additionally, 1 or 2 out of 1,000 US children who get measles will die from it. Worldwide, the illness is fatal in 1 or 2 out of every 100 children.

No fatalities have been reported from measles outbreaks in United States this year or last year, however, dozens have been hospitalized, and some were in intensive care.

In Israel, a toddler and an elderly woman died last year.

There have been 3,920 cases of measles in Israel from March 2018 through April 11.
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