CHARLOTTESVILLE, Virginia -- A day after tensions between police and community activists nearly boiled over on the University of Virginia's campus, the city of Charlottesville marked Sunday's anniversary of a deadly gathering of white supremacists with a rally against racial hatred.
But some 115 miles (185 kilometers) away in Washington, the principal organizer of last year's "Unite the Right" event was scheduled to hold a so-called white civil rights rally, and police were preparing for crowds of counterprotesters.
Jason Kessler, who abandoned his bid to stage a similar anniversary event in Charlottesville, said in his permit application that he expects 100 to 400 people to participate in his event Sunday afternoon in Lafayette Park, in front of the White House. President Donald Trump won't be there, though. He was at his golf club in New Jersey.
The number of people at Kessler's event could be lower than his estimate and likely will be dwarfed by counterprotests. Some leading figures in the U.S. white nationalist movement have said they won't attend or have encouraged supporters to stay away.
The National Park Service also issued permits for events organized by DC United Against Hate, New York Black Lives Matter and other groups. Government and police officials in Washington have expressed confidence the city can manage the events without violence; the mayor and police chief have promised a massive security mobilization to keep protesters and counter-protesters apart.
On Sunday morning in Charlottesville, a crowd of more than 200 people gathered in a park to protest racism and mark the anniversary. The group sang songs, and speakers addressed the crowd. Among them was Courtney Commander, a friend of Heather Heyer, the 32-year-old who was killed when a car plowed into a crowd of people protesting the white nationalists.
Commander, who was with Heyer when she was killed, said, "She is with me today too."
The night before on UVA's campus, police had a brief, tense confrontation with students and other activists angry over a heavy security presence. They unfurled a banner reading "Last year they came w/ torches. This year they come w/ badges" and chanted "Why are you in riot gear? We don't see no riot here." More than 200 marched to another part of campus, where many shouted at a line of officers.
Last year, 22-year-old Clara Carlson faced down a group of white supremacists who marched through campus, surrounding her and a group of friends. On Saturday night, she was angry at the police response to the student rally.
"The university administration just let white supremacists roll through grounds with their torches, and for us, they're afraid of us. They are afraid of us because we are demanding change from the university," Carlson said.
The rest of the day had been much quieter, with some residents and businesses expressing that they felt calmer with the police presence in town.
Last year, on Aug. 12, hundreds of white nationalists - including neo-Nazis, skinheads and Ku Klux Klan members - descended on Charlottesville in part to protest the city's decision decided to remove a monument to Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee from a park.
Violent fighting broke out between attendees and counterprotesters. Authorities eventually forced the crowd to disperse, but a car later barreled into the crowd of peaceful counterprotesters, killing Heyer and injuring dozens more. A state police helicopter later crashed, killing two troopers.
Heyer's mother, Susan Bro, brought flowers Sunday afternoon to the spot where her daughter was killed.
Bro embraced supporters and thanked them for coming to remember Heyer, but also said the day was about more than just her daughter. She recognized the other victims of the attack and the troopers who died, Lt. Jay Cullen and Trooper-Pilot Berke Bates.
A year later, Bro said there's still "so much healing" left to do.
"We have a huge racial problem in our city and in our country," she said. "We have got to fix this or we'll be right back here in no time."
* More local news
* Send us a news tip
* Download the abc7NY app for breaking news alerts
Rallies held on anniversary of violent clashes in Charlottesville