The incident happened around 8 p.m. Monday near East 107th Street.
Both the girl and a boy, who is either 10 or 11 years old, reportedly tried to grab a 38-year-old woman's purse after telling her they wanted her cell phone.
The woman refused, and the kids ran off.
The young girl is charged with second-degree attempted robbery.
Anyone with information in regards to this attempted robbery or the other suspects is asked to call the NYPD's Crime Stoppers Hotline at 800-577-TIPS.