Lyoya, a Black man, was shot to death on April 4 by officer Christopher Schurr, a white officer trying to arrest him after a traffic stop in a case that has drawn national attention. Lyoya's final moments were captured in multiple videos later released to the public.
WATCH | Patrick Lyoya shooting video: Grand Rapids, MI police release footage of deadly traffic stop shooting
"This is not a message. This is just based on the facts and making a decision in this case," Kent County Prosecuting Attorney Christopher Becker told reporters Thursday, referring to the charge.
Becker said he had spoken with Lyoya's family and had sent them a letter in their native Swahili.
Ben Crump, an attorney for the Lyoya family, in a statement called the decision to file charges "a step in the right direction."
"We are encouraged by attorney Christopher Becker's decision to charge Christopher Schurr for the brutal killing of Patrick Lyoya, which we all witnessed when the video footage was released to the public," Crump said.
"Officer Schurr," he added, "must be held accountable for his decision to pursue an unarmed Patrick, ultimately shooting him in the back of the head and killing him -- for nothing more than a traffic stop."
RELATED | Official autopsy shows Patrick Lyoya died from gunshot to back of head, ME confirms
In a statement, Michigan Attorney General Dana Nessel commended Becker and the state police for "the exhaustive review conducted these last two months."
"We must now respect the judicial process and allow the facts of the case to be presented in court," he added.
Cle J. Jackson, president of the Greater Grand Rapids NAACP, said the prosecutor's decision to charge the officer was unexpected.
"We hope that all involved in this next phase will be unbiased and, ultimately, officer Christopher Schurr will be convicted for his heinous actions," Jackson said.
Becker said Schurr has turned himself in. A Kent County judge signed an arrest warrant for Schurr on Thursday. Schurr is to be arraigned Friday afternoon.
Becker, responding to a question about the timing of the criminal charge, said he received the investigative report from the state police about eight days ago.
"Things take time, and I want to be, obviously, thorough. This is a major decision," he said.
Becker stressed that prosecutors are not a branch of the police department. "We work a lot with them, but we don't work for them," he said.
Schurr placed on leave and suspended after shooting
In May, Becker announced he was seeking guidance from outside experts before deciding whether to charge the officer. The city of Grand Rapids placed the officer on paid leave and suspended his police powers after the shooting.
Lyoya, 26, was pulled over by Schurr for an allegedly unregistered license plate. Lyoya got out of the car and ran. He resisted Schurr's attempt to arrest him, and the officer shot him while the two were on the ground as Schurr wrestled for control of Lyoya.
Lyoya had three outstanding warrants at the time he fled Schurr, and an autopsy revealed his blood-alcohol concentration was more than three times the legal limit.
The death led to protests in Grand Rapids, where other interactions between police and residents drew media scrutiny in a city with a history of tension between Black residents and police.
The shooting led the state's civil rights agency to renew a request for a pattern-and-practice investigation by the Justice Department into the Grand Rapids Police Department, just one month after a new police chief took office.
The county's medical examiner's office released its autopsy results in early May, and the Grand Rapids Police Department released dispatch records and reports written by officers who responded to the shooting in late April.
The radio traffic, an accompanying computer-aided dispatch log and redacted incident reports shed some light on the moments before and after the officer shot Lyoya.
Radio traffic and other records released by the Grand Rapids Police Department show that Schurr told supervisors after the shooting that Lyoya "has my Taser."
Schurr notified his dispatcher he stopped a tan car around 8:11 a.m. He told the dispatcher that one person was running from the stop about 75 seconds later and asked for more officers to respond about two minutes after the stop. Schurr told the dispatcher that he had been "involved in a shooting" about four minutes after the initial stop. The dispatcher said emergency medical services were en route about 11 seconds after that.
Lyoya was driving on a revoked license at the time of the traffic stop. His license was revoked in March because of a third substance abuse conviction in 10 years, according to public records. He had three open warrants at the time of the traffic stop, according to a CNN review of state records.
It's not clear if Schurr knew of the warrants or the revoked license at the time Lyoya fled.
Lyoya fled on foot shortly after the stop. Records show he was wanted in connection with a domestic violence case from April, charged as a second offense. Another warrant was issued in early April for failure to appear or pay. Another open warrant appeared in the court record relating to a property damage traffic crash Lyoya's alleged to have fled. His family's attorneys declined to comment on the open warrants.
Becker's review of the shooting is separate from the police department's review of Schurr's conduct. A police department review could result in a far wider review of Schurr and whether he broke department policies leading up to, during, and after the shooting, and look at other officers and policies that may have contributed to the shooting. The city has also promised to review its policies related to shootings by officers.
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