Schneider, who hasn't played since being hurt on Jan. 23 in a game against Boston, will start against the Florida Panthers on Thursday night. He leads the team with a 17-11-6 record to go with a 2.79 goals-against average.
The 31-year-old rejoined the Devils on Wednesday and skated with them on Thursday morning. New Jersey, which is fourth in the Metropolitan Division and leads the Eastern Conference wild-card standings, went 9-7 in his absence.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.